The Southern Valley Tour takes you to an area of Cusco that few people visit. With visits to a mix of Colonial, Inca and Pre-Inca sites, the southern valley tour offers a snapshot in to over 800 years of Cusco’s history. Starting with visits to some of the Colonial era churches in the suburbs of Cusco, you work your way down the Southern Valley stopping at the village of Huasao which is renowned for its witch doctors before carrying on to the beautiful Inca water temple at Tipon. From Tipon, you carry on to the extensive Pre-Inca site of Pikillacta which was constructed by the Wari culture who occupied the Cusco region before the arrival of the Inca and finally visit the church of Andahuaylillas which is known as the Sistine Chapel of the Americas due to its ornate decorations.
PLACES YOU VISIT
As an emblematic sample of Inca hydraulic wisdom we highlight Tipón, a town located 23 km southeast of Cusco, at an altitude of 3,560 meters above sea level, located in the district of Oropesa, province of Quispicanchis, it was a major shrine where water was worshiped with the care and veneration that the Incas treated to this element. This complex has been distinguished by the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE for its acronym in English) as a marvel of Civil Engineering. Respect for the natural environment and the technology used to mobilize the waters of the springs are a model of hydraulic engineering at the service of man and nature.
The archaeological complex of Piquillacta is an archaeological site formed by the remains of a city in Ancient Peru, from the pre-Hispanic era
SISTINE CHAPEL OF AMERICA
In Peru, the church of San Pedro Apóstol de Andahuaylillas has been called “the Sistine Chapel of America”, and in some sense, the subordinating simile would be justified: this architecture is one of the most surprising and beautiful songs of religious art , silent testimony of the Andean people
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- Vacation Style Holiday Type
- Activity Level City Easy
- Group Size Medium Group
Places that are visited
- The witch town of Huasao
- Tipon archeological site
- Pikillacta archeological site
- Andahuayillas – The Sistine Chapel of America.
What you need to take:
- Tourist ticket
- Sun hat
- Sun protection cream (factor 35 recommended)
- Waterproof jacket/rain poncho
- Camera and films
- Round-trip transportation (tourist bus)
- English-speaking Tour Guide
- Entrance fees to all the sites visited
- City Easy SOUTH VALLEY
We pick you up from your hotel at about 8:30 setting off by bus at 9:00 a.m. You`ll visit the next places:
Is located in the Oropesa district. Towards the east of Cusco. It is an archaeological site which covers an area of 2,200 ha. In order to reach the main archaeological monument, we must cover a route of 5 km. Which starts in the kilometer 18 from the Cusco- Puno road. Half kilometer away from the pavement road it is located the little villaje of Tipon. It is possible to appreciate diverse royal chambers which according to Victor Angeles, were built by the Wiracocha Inca as dwelling and refuge for his father Yawar Waka, who had returned from the war against the Chankas. All this archaeological complex is located at an altitude of 3,500 M.A.S.L. Besides, there is a huge and impressing culture field which contains 12 very fertile terraces, still cultivated nowadays. But the most outstanding feature is its watering system. This one was achieved with a stone structure which channels the water in a very thin course, being this construction, a high hydraulic engineering work.
Its name is a compund word in quechua: piki, flea, and llacta, town, whichs means: town of fleas. It is a Huari archaeological complex. 20 km. away east from Cusco. It covers an area of 3,421 ha. and it located in the Quispicanchis province. Now there is an access by the route which leads to Puno and Arequipa. By the route we pass by the provinces of Oropesa, Lucre, and very close of the Warkapay lagoon, located at 3200 M.A.S.L. In the Peruvian Andes there is about 12000 lakes, the most of them showing a very rich flora and fauna. Fish like the trout and the pejerrey can be fished in these lakes. The trout is a very important fish in the diet of the Andean inhabitant, well estimated because of its delicious meat.
The former name of Pikillacta is unknown, although many chroniclers name this zone under the name of Muyuna. The pre-hispanic site of Pikillacta is 3,350 m. away from Cusco, and belonged to a city of the Huari culture, developed in the Ayacucho department. At present this city contains about 700 buildings, 200 “kanchas”, 504 “golgas”, (store-houses), and irregular edifications. It likely had ten thousand inhabitants. This city has a geometrical designe, armonious and almost perfect, divided in blocks, with narrow streets.
Located at 3,050 M.A.S.L., a level rather warm. This beautiful lagoon can be visited anytime of the year. It is surrounded by mountains with Inca terraces. It is surrounded by mountains with Inca terraces. On its background there is a hotel called Urpicancha. This lagoon displays an impressing landscape. By the left side of the road, it is located the Rumicolca dam and the archaeological site Pikillacta. The colours of the Huarcapay are green and blue. The predominant vegetation that surrounds this lagoon is the totora. It is the natural habitat to the wild duck, and to fish like the pejerrey and the Karachi. Out of the totora fiber are made baskets and “q`uesanas”. This area is provided with a pavement road which surrounds the lagoon. The entire area is ideal for excursionists. There are also available restaurants.
Located 40 km. away from Cusco. Famous for its temple built in 1850, and commonly regarded as the sixtine chapel because of its natural facade which contrasts with its barroque colonial style. There in it may also be admire the golden altars, the thematic murals of the heaven and hell, and the paintings of the Cusco school and also many ostentatious works of supreme art. This temple is the favourite for the couples to get marry. Andahuylillas is a district of the Quispicanchis province, 3010 M.A.S.L. Its ancient name was Antawaylla, “anta”, for copper and “waylla” for prarie. Later its name was changed to Andahaylas, but this one coincided with the name of an Apurimac`s province, so the first adopted a diminutive name: Andahuaylillas. Its weather is warm all along the year. Located in the basin of the Vilcanota river. Its main square is huge and is adorned with trees of more than 100 years old. Around this square there are remains of Inca buildings. Among these, there is an outstanding fence, vestige of the transitional stage architecture between the Inca and the Spaniard.