Mountains are Calling and I must Go!

MOUNTAIN

A mountain is a large landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill. Mountains are formed through tectonic forces or volcanism. These forces can raise the surface of the earth locally. Mountains erode slowly through the action of rivers, weather conditions, and glaciers. A few mountains are isolated summits, but most occur in huge mountain ranges.

High elevations on mountains produces colder climates than at sea level. These colder climates strongly affect the ecosystems of mountains: different elevations have different plants and animals. Because of the less hospitable terrain and climate, mountains tend to be used less for agriculture and more for resource extraction and recreation, such as mountain climbing.

The highest mountain on Earth is Mount Everest in the Himalayas of Asia, whose summit is 8,850 m (29,035 ft) above mean sea level. The highest known mountain on any planet in the Solar System is Olympus Mons on Mars at 21,171 m (69,459 ft).


Highest mountains in South America

These are the highest mountains of South America collected in the Montipedia mountain encyclopedia and ordered from highest to lowest elevation.

The highest mountains of South America are found in the Andes mountain range, which houses the 103 main and secondary peaks of more than 6,000 m altitude. This list includes the highest mountains in South America, which can be completed with the list of the highest mountains in the Andes. As you can see, the first mountains (including all the earthquakes) of both lists coincide. Apart from the Andes, you must go to the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, in Colombia, to find the Christopher Columbus peak (5,776 m), which is the highest regardless of the great Andes and the highest mountain in Colombia. Mount Aconcagua, the highest in the entire American continent, is one of the considered "seven summits"


Mountains of Peru

The articulating element of the Peruvian territory is the Andes mountain range, which registers the country of the north in the vertebra three great regions: to the west the coast, in the center the mountain range and to the east the mountain or the jungle. On the coast, the highest elevations rise to 2,000 m. The region of the Sierra includes the Altiplano and the highest elevations of the Andes. In the Cordillera Blanca rises the highest peak in Peru and one of the highest in the Andes, the Huascarán (6,746 m altitude). The Central mountain range, the least elevated of the three, was found attached to Occidental by a complex system of altiplanicities, between 4,000 and 5,000 m altitude. In the southern sector of the Andes are the only important volcanoes in the country, the Misti (5,842 m) and the Ubinas (5,672 m). Given the youth and instability of the Andean region of Peru, physical activity is now relevant.

These are the highest mountains of Peru collected in the Montipedia Mountain Encyclopedia and ordered from highest to lowest height:

1. Huascarán, nevado (6,746 m) - Andes (Peru)
2. North of Huascarán, peak (6,655 m) - Andes (Peru)
3. Yerupajá, hill (6,617 m) - Andes (Peru)
4. Coropuna, nevado (6,405 m) - Andes (Peru)
5. Ausangate, snow-covered (6,372 m) - Andes (Peru)
6. Huantsan, hill (6,369 m) - Andes (Peru)
7. Huandoy, hill (6,360 m) - Andes (Peru)
8. Chopicalqui, snow-covered (6,345 m) - Andes (Peru)
9. Siula Grande, hill (6,344 m) - Andes (Peru)
10. Chinchey, hill (6,309 m) - Andes (Peru)
11. Ampato, nevado (6,288 m) - Andes (Peru)
12. Salcantay, hill (6,264 m) - Andes (Peru)
13. Santa Cruz, hill (6,241 m) - Andes (Peru)
14. Nevado Copa, nevado (6,188 m) - Andes (Peru)
15. Ranrapalca, hill (6,162 m) - Andes (Peru)
16. Pucaranra, hill (6,156 m) - Andes (Peru)
17. Hualcan, hill (6,122 m) - Andes (Peru)
18. Yerupaja Chico, hill (6,121 m) - Andes (Peru)
19. Callangate, hill (6,110 m) - Andes (Peru)
20. Chacraraju, hill (6,108 m) - Andes (Peru)

Best Seasons:Winter, Fall
Popular Location:Mt. Everest, Annapurna, Alps

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