The Picchu Machu Travel Company professionals with over twenty years of experience in the field of tourism, have made a list of MACHU PICCHU FAQS to facilitating and innovating updated information to provide greater utility to those who wish to visit the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu in Cusco – Peru.
We provide the answer to each of the questions that visitors ask themselves before embarking on their trips. We were able to collect through each experience the information about the doubts that there are of the Inca Citadel which brought clarity to our travelers about the questions they had to participate in some tour to our wonder
Frequently Asked Questions for the Machu Picchu Tour 2018Do you have doubts about the Machu Picchu Tours?
Machu Picchu is located in the jungle. In other words, it has a warm but humid climate, so the type of clothing we recommend is:
If you travel during the rainy season (November – April), the best option is to wear a raincoat as well as water and wind resistant clothing.
Even if it’s hot in the morning, always take a warm coat with you. It may be annoying to have to carry it during the visit, but it is better to be prepared for the afternoon wind.
You should bring your original passport (International Student card (ISIC) if applicable)
Waterproof jacket/rain jacket
Warm jacket, hat and gloves
Sun protection cream (factor 35 recommended)
Re-usable plastic or metal water container or camel bags
Water for the first day, but on the way it is possible to buy bottles of water from local families.
Camera and films
If you like to walk and enjoy nature, there is a route with appropriately marked stairways. The walk on average will take 1 hour and a half is recommended to bring sunscreen, repellent, hat, sunglasses. Remember that you are in the jungle.
The other option is to go by bus, the trip will be about 30 minutes approximately. This bus will leave you at the entrance of the citadel of Machu Picchu. The buses leave from 5:30 a.m. Bus tickets from Aguas Calientes to Machu Picchu are managed by the CONSETTUR company, and have offices in Cusco and Machu Picchu Pueblo (Aguas Calientes).
CONSETTUR Office in Cusco: Av. Infancia N ° 433.
CONSETTUR Office in Aguas Calientes: Av. Hermanos Ayar s / n (metal shed).
Remember that tickets are valid only for 3 days, for a single use. The purchase of the tickets is personal with previous presentation of your identity document, passport or university card.
In case you go for a day, we recommend you bring a small bag, backpack with necessary items for the tour to Machu Picchu as well as some small snacks.
• Machu Picchu Ticket: 2,500 spaces per day.
• Machu Picchu + Huayna Picchu Ticket: 400 spaces per day, divided into two groups.
• Group 01: Machu Picchu + Huayna Picchu: 200 spaces per day.
• Group 02: Machu Picchu + Huayna Picchu: 200 spaces per day.
• Machu Picchu Ticket + Mountain: 400 spaces per day.
• Machu Picchu Ticket + Museum: 2500 spaces per day.
There are two types of guided services. The first is the group or shared service (9 – 15 people) and the cost is about USD $ 30, and the other, the private service with USD $ 80 approx.
Remember that all Tours services in Machu Picchu have professional guides with deep knowledge of the citadel as well as experts in the treatment of tourists.
The thermal springs are at a distance of 800 meters east of the town of Machu Picchu, the waters sprout from the rocks at different temperatures. The average temperature of the waters are between 35 º C and 43 º C.
These waters today are used for tourist use, with the construction of swimming pools. These thermal waters have different healing properties; such as: treatment for rheumatism, anti stress therapy, eliminate toxins, prevent blood pressure and improve metabolism.
• Service Hours: Monday to Sunday from 05:30 – 20:00 hrs.
• Rates: Foreign S /. 15.00 / National: S /. 9.00 / Children: S /. 7.00.
Do I need to hire the services of an agency to go to Machu Picchu?
To go to Machu Picchu is not necessary, but there are some procedures that have to be done that can sometimes be a headache, for the time to wait and the places to go.
However you can contact the help of an authorized travel agency, this will prevent you from making long waits and arrive at your destination more directly and safely, with people who will provide everything you need.
This ancient Andean town was built in the 15th century as a resting place and religious sanctuary.
It is currently a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and the most visited tourist destination in Peru.
It was discovered in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, an American history professor, thanks to contacts with the settlers of that region who guided him to the area in question. His astonishment was unequaled. By the way, although it is attributed to have belonged to the mentioned Pachacútec, these data could be incorrect and therefore its history would be another.
Apparently, it was the Inca Wiraqocha, eighth king of Cusco and not his son Pachacútec, who ordered to build this palace. It was destined to be a resting place with temples for the Sun god and the Moon goddess and numerous houses (Acllawasi) to house its beautiful women (Aqllak’una), as well as becoming an astronomical observatory thanks to its location.
But it was not all the color of roses for Wiraqocha who is forced to flee, in front of an invasion by the powerful Chanka State, commanded by an ambitious king called Uscovilca, to this citadel that they said was considered the “little Cuzco” for its similarity with the Inca capital.
Faced with such cowardice, the youngest son of Wiraqocha, Kusi Yupanki, urges his father to surrender to the Chanka State but he refuses to bend his will. Being aware of reality as a slave that would wait for them, Kusi forms an army, defeats Uscovilca after a cruel battle and decides to give the booty of war to his father who treats him with a lot of contempt, does not accept his gift and also adds that he should give it to him to his successor, his brother Urko.
Humiliated, Kusi returns to Cuzco to take power, to rebuild the city and to plan the murder of his brother, his main rival, a murder that would materialize later.
Upon learning of the cruel homicide carried out by his son, Wiraqocha decides to live in his palace forever surrounded by everything he needed to live. Until the Royal Council designs an idea that would allow Kusi to attract his father: they told him that his son “invited” him to personally observe the transformation he had made in his main city.
Wiraqocha agreed to the proposal and left for Cuzco where he was totally amazed by the renewed city he found, to the point of naming Kusi with the name of Pachacutec which means the “Transformer of the World”. Kusi was grateful for the compliment, but quickly stripped his father of the crown and put it on his head and proclaimed himself king by having his father kneel before him, drinking foul corn beer (chicha) then ordered him banished to live his last and sad years of life in his own creation, converted from that moment into a dwelling of loneliness.
After the death of Wiraqocha, Pachacútec orders to depopulate the citadel and abandon it forever. In this way, the ruins of Machu Picchu were preserved practically intact to this day but under the knowledge of many locals, especially Agustín Lizárraga, who did not decide to reveal the secret for fear of being considered crazy, until Bingham appeared on the scene and He appropriated the find, taking also a host of very valuable pieces that the Peruvian state is still trying to recover.
An American Dr. Giesecke, then rector of the San Antonio Abad University of Cusco, is aware of the existence of several Inca ruins, in the town of Mandor, province of the Convention, one of these was Machu Picchu, Giesecke aware of the interest of Bingham informs him of these facts.
Earlier, Charles Wiener, an Austrian-French scientist, traveled the Andes from 1875 to 1877, in his book Peru and Bolivia: a travelogue Wiener clearly mentions the reference to a place called Machu Picchu, which he was about to go to, since he already had to the guides contacted. The reason why I do not get to explore Machu Picchu is not known.
On July 23, 1911, Bingham’s group arrives near the citadel of Machu Picchu. The weather conditions were very bad, they stayed in the house of peasants who lived in the area, here the teacher finds out about some ruins that existed in the surroundings, he offers a dollar of silver to the farmer Melchor Arteaga for taking him to the place described.
On July 24, Bingham, the peasant and a representative of the Peruvian government were in spite of the bad weather, gray clouds and tropical rains. The other team members prefer to stay on the site and wash their clothes. The teacher and the two companions had to cross the wild Vilcanota River through a flimsy bridge of logs and then climb 700 meters of a steep mountain. Halfway there they meet local peasant children, who serve as new guides, since they knew the whole area. They had to climb the Inca embankments until finally their persistence was rewarded. I stand in front of the walls of Machu Picchu. The tropical vegetation had covered the ruins, certain areas were in sight.
Hiram Bingham made a total of 3 trips to Peru the first was in 1911, at that time he was only half a day in Machu Picchu, children from the area guided him took several photographs, he managed to capture the temple of the 3 windows, the Tower. Only after returning to the United States did he realize the importance of the site he had been and decided to return with funding from Yale University and The National Geographic Society in 1912. On his different expeditions Bingham came to take about 11,000 photos of the complex.
In his book “The discovery of Machu Picchu” he wrote the following: “Suddenly I found myself standing in front of the walls of a ruin and houses built with the best quality of Inca art.” The walls were hard to see as the trees and the moss had covered the stones for centuries, but in the shadow of the bamboo and climbing the bushes were the walls visible in blocks of white granite cut with the highest precision, I found bright temples, royal houses, a large square and thousands of houses It seemed to be in a dream. ”
From the 20s of the last century the excavation and consolidation works of Machu Picchu began, this continues until the 1950s when the complex is open to tourists.
Greer’s investigation into archives in the United States and Peru has unearthed documents proving that Berns created a company specifically to loot Machu Picchu and its immediate surroundings. The company, known as Compañía Anónima Explotadora de las Huacas del Inca, had the support of some of Peru’s most important personalities, including the country’s president. The findings of Greer, examined together with documentation material discovered by a Peruvian archaeologist, show that in 1887 the Peruvian government consented to the sacking of Machu Picchu and signed an agreement with Berns, according to which he was allowed to export the material and the Government 10% of the income was reserved.
One of Berns’ business partners in the company was the director of the National Library of Peru at the time. His colleague of more rank (the vice president of the company) was professor of pathology at a university in Lima and an antique collector who ended up selling his collection to a museum in Berlin.
Machu Picchu was built in the 15th century by the Inca Emperor Pachacuti, who almost certainly was buried there when he died, in 1471. The city had an important temple in honor of the sun and it is likely that Pachacuti’s tomb and temple were decorated with large amounts of gold, most of which was almost certainly withdrawn in 1432, in a vain attempt to rescue Atahualpa, the last Inca emperor, captured by the Spanish conquistadors. However, it is conceivable that Berns would find huge quantities of high quality ceramics and other items that were not required for the rescue.
During his investigation, Greer located a list of 57 contacts of Berns, Americans, British and of other nationalities, and other people who possibly bought the antiques that Berns or his associates found in Machu Picchu. But until now no list of the findings has been discovered and the investigation will now be extended to the United States and Europe to try to locate any lost treasure of Machu Picchu in private collections and other collections.
Greer has found in the Peruvian archives documents written by Berns that reveal that between 1867 and 1870 he explored Machu Picchu and discovered several underground structures sealed. Before planning, with government support, the way to loot the place, Berns predicted that these structures “would undoubtedly contain objects of great value”: the “treasures of the Incas.”
At first, Berns traveled to the area to cut trees and make sleepers for a Peruvian railway project. By 1870 he had already made a preliminary exploration of Machu Picchu. Later, as the Chilean army had occupied much of Peru during the Pacific War of 1879-83, Berns moved for a time to Panama and launched a Peruvian company, registered in the United States, called the Mining Company of Inca Mines. of Gold and Silver. Finally, in 1887, he returned to Peru and created his antique looting company, and presumably he returned to Machu Picchu, although what he found there and then sold remains a complete mystery. Another 40 years passed before the city was rediscovered by the famous Yale scholar, Hiram Bingham.
The revelation that archaeological treasures were plundered, almost certainly, with the support of the Peruvian government at the end of the 19th century comes just at a time when Peru is redoubling its demands that the material that Hiram Bingham found in Machu be returned to him Picchu (and who is currently at Yale University)
The contrast between the authentic discoverer of Machu Picchu – whose existence has been known recently – and Hiram Bingham could not be greater. August R. Berns was a dark German businessman who founded a small railway sleeper production business in Peru in the 1860s. He bought some land near the then unknown ruins of Machu Picchu to cut trees from which to extract wood. He discovered and explored the ruins between 1867 and 1870.
Hiram Bingham was an American historian, archaeologist, explorer, aviator and politician. Some have come to suggest that the Indiana Jones character’s box office character is inspired by him. Bingham taught at the universities of Harvard, Princeton and Yale, and was a member of the United States Senate and governor of Connecticut. However, until now, it has always been better known as the discoverer of Machu Picchu, the lost city of the Incas, which has now been declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco and one of the most famous tourist attractions in the world. . His 1948 book on Machu Picchu, “The Lost City of the Incas,” was a bestseller. And in Machu Picchu itself, the mountain trail that leads to the ruins is known as the “Hiram Bingham Road.”
The revelation that Berns was the true discoverer of Machu Picchu (four decades before Bingham “discovered” the site) will be published in the next edition of the magazine «South American Explorer».
Author: David Keys
There are daily departures of train and / or taxis between Cusco and Ollantaytambo. Also Bus service between the city of Machu Picchu (Aguas Calientes) and the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu Inca on the top of the Mountain.
The city of Machu Picchu does not have an airport. There are no roads from Cusco to Machu Picchu.
Round trip bus ticket from Aguas Calientes up to Machu Picchu site $19
Two-day private tour guide $140
Private taxi from Ollantaytambo to Cusco $23.21
Total Cost $415.42
MACHU PICCHU ,TOURS & TREKS
the best tours and treks to Machu Picchu
MACHU PICCHU TOURS
INCA TRAILS TO MACHU PICCHU
SALKANTAY INCA TRAIL TO MACHU PICCHU 7 Days
INCA TRAIL TO MACHU PICCHU 5 days.
CLASSIC INCA TRAIL + HUAYNA PICCHU 5 days.
INCA TRAIL TO MACHU PICCHU 4 days.
SHORT INCA TRAIL TO MACHU PICCHU + HUAYNA PICCHU 3 days
INCA TRAIL TO MACHU PICCHU 2 days.
MACHU PICCHU TREKS
VILCABAMBA, ESPIRITU PAMPA, CHOQUEQUIRAO AND MACHU PICCHU 15 DAYS
CHOQUEQUIRAO TO MACHU PICCHU 9 DAYS.
SALKANTAY TO MACHU PICCHU 5 DAYS 4 NIGHTS
LARES TREK TO MACHU PICCHU 4 DAYS.
INCA JUNGLE TO MACHU PICCHU 4 Days
INCA JUNGLE TO MACHU PICCHU 3 Days