Top Attractions in Tanzania
The floating islands of the Uros are a set of artificial habitable surfaces built of totora, an aquatic plant that grows on the surface of Lake Titicaca. The islands stand on a portion of the surface of Lake Titicaca, overlap with blocks of Totora roots on which are laid successive layers of totora woven or interlaced in mats. Its inhabitants, the Uros, are an ancestral people that are currently concentrated in the Collao plateau and in Peru in the floating islands located in the bay of Puno.1
Its subsistence is based on the ancestral culture linked to the lake, based on the multiple uses given to the totora that flows from the bottom and the fishing.
The construction of these islands is made by weaving totora in the areas where it grows densest, forming a natural layer that the uros call Khili; On this layer they build their houses, also from a mesh woven of totora which they call "mat". Each house is composed of only one room. Cook outdoors to prevent fires.1
In Peru there are more than 20 islands of the uro chulluni ethnic group. The number of families occupying an island is variable, but in general it ranges between three and ten. Between the main islands, they emphasize: Tupiri, Santa Maria, Tribune, Toranipata, Chumi, Paradise, Kapi, Titino, Tinajero and Negrone.
In March 2007, the uro irohito ethnic group began the construction of 4 islands in the Bolivian zone. Thus, the first floating island of totora in Bolivia called Pachakamak, sees the light, followed by Phuwa, Balsa Hampus and Inti Huata, thanks to a tourist plan directed from La Paz.