Top Attractions in Madre de Dios
WELCOME TO THE MADRE DE DIOS DEPARTAMENT
The department of Madre de Dios is located in the southeastern part of the country. On the north it borders Ucayali, on the south and on the west with Punoy on the east with Brazil and Bolivia. Its territory covers areas of high forest and jungle.
Its capital is Puerto Maldonado, in the province of Tambopata.
Its climate is hot and humid tropical with an average temperature of 17 ° C to 20 ° C in the months of June and July and a maximum of up to 36 ° C in the months of December to March.
Madre de Dios is formed mainly by alluvial plains of three and up to four levels of terraces. The lowest are subject to annual flooding and are generally swampy.
The south of Madre de Dios is dominated by the buttresses of the Carabaya mountain range. To the west, in the area where the springs of the Manu River are, there are hills of little elevation, among which is the Isthmus of Fitzcarrald, which forms the watershed between the Madre de Dios and Urubamba rivers.
Tourism in Madre de Dios. Exuberant, Madre de Dios is part of the Peruvian jungle of infinite forests and sinuous rivers that flow towards the ocean, Madre de Dios is a department where life abounds in every corner. Puerto Maldonado, the capital city from where after an hour and a half of walking is the Sandoval Lake, surrounded by aguajales, orchids, lupunas, mahogany and Mauritanian palms up to 30 meters high. Maldonado is a must to access some of the national parks and reserves in the area and has been, at different times, an important center for the exploitation of rubber, timber, gold and oil. Currently, two of the department's main economic activities are ecotourism and chestnut extraction.
There are indications of the presence of human beings before the emergence of the Inca Empire and the Conquest, such as the petroglyphs in the rivers of Palotoa, Shinkebenia and Urubamba. In the Pantiacolla mountain range, at the head of Madre de Dios, there are also petroglyphs and remains that attract archaeologists.
It is estimated that the first populations of Madre de Dios had to appear thousands of years ago and it is believed that the Arahuacos or their ancestors, the protoarahuacos, arrived in migrations from which many ethnic groups were derived and later related to the Incas and later to the Spanish people. Some tribes, like the Machiguengas, survive to this day.
What is known today as Mother of God was part of the ancient Inca Empire, in the region known as Antisuyo. However, little is known about their training with accuracy. Inclusively, some chronicles of the Inca Garcilaso de la Vega referred to this region have been questioned for their contradictory data.
However, historians agree that the conquest of this region was difficult for the Incas, because they had to face warlike and knowledgeable tribes of the area that decimated different conquering armies.
During the Colony expeditions were carried out with tragic results for the adventurers, who died at the hands of the different tribes. Only in 1567, commanding 250 men, Juan Alvarez Maldonado came pretty close to what is now Madre de Dios. Later, in 1861, Colonel Faustino Maldonado traveled it in its real magnitude until he reached the border with Brazil.
On December 26, 1912 the department of Madre de Dios was created with its capital Puerto Maldonado
MAIN TOURIST ATTRACTIONS
National Park of Manu
This conservation unit is located
between the provinces of Paucartambo -La Convención
of the department of Cusco, and those of Manu -
Fitzcarrald from the department of Madre de Dios,
It comprises an area of 1 884 200 Hectares.
It covers the Bioregions of: Low Jungle, High Jungle,
High Andes and Puna, being the most extensive the Jungle
Come down with an impenetrable jungle. In
correspondence with this geographical reality is
There are also variations in the formation of
forest, well, for example, on the first floor
named you can see fruits and flowers of colors and
trees that measure up to 60 meters high.
The Manu National Park contains a large
diversity of animal species, existing 860 species of birds like: the harpy eagle,
Macaws, parrots herons, etc. felines such as jaguars, 13 species of monkeys,
bats, river wolves, black and white lizards, taricaya. In addition, the Park
Nacional del Manu is currently inhabited by 30 peasant communities and
several native Amazonian populations
National Sanctuary of the Heat pampas
This conservation unit comprises
a total of 102 109 hectares that
they extend to the border republic of
Bolivia It was created especially for the
security and conservation of the deer
the swamps in their only habitat in all
the territory of Peru; also for the
conservation of flora and fauna
belonging to the Heath River area. In
the latter was preferred
consideration with respect to the Crino Wolf
(Chysocyon brachiuyus), the most canid
corpulent of South America, who lives
solitary among the herbs of the pampa.
Reserved Zone of the Tambopata Candamo
This covers a total of 1.4 million hectares, from Puerto Maldonado, it is reached by
fluvial (Tambopata River); or on the road Puerto Maldonado - Cusco (kilometer 30). To the
arrive are appreciated: the enormous biodiversity and the habitats of each one of the ecosystems,
that represent native flora and fauna with: 165 species and 41 tree families, 1032
species of mammals, 1300 species
of butterflies and 90 species of amphibians.
Existing also: jaguars,
capibaras, huanganas, monkeys, turtles,
alligators, river wolves (otters).
Also, where Tambopata and
the river La Torre (60Km.
Maldonado), is the center of the area
reserved (since 1977) to preserve
The ecology. The population 'Esse'eja' or
'huarayos', who are native to the Amazon
occupy the reserve, along with Quechuas
and you will fasten; who are engaged in
agriculture (coffee), hunting, fishing and gathering
Its origin is due to the strangulation of one of the meanders of the Madre de Dios River and
located on the right margin of this 8 km from the city of Puerto
Maldonado. To reach this lake you have to navigate by motorboat for 25
minutes following the current of the river, then you have to walk along a path that advances
between the woods for about an hour and thirty minutes. On the way,
enjoy watching a variety of plant species such as orchids,
platanillos, ungurahuis and homiceas, to the interior of the lake itself the islets filled with
grasses existing swamp areas where the aguaje tree grows. As to
wild animals, there is an abundance of ducks, otters, alligators, wild chickens,
tapirs, toucans, macaws, water turtles like charapas. In this lake it is usually
practice sport fishing catching a great variety of fish like the paiche that
It measures from 1 to 4 meters in length. There is a sector of the lake in which the temperature fluctuates
Between 20 ° C and 26 ° C, here visitors can enjoy a refreshing swim without
run no danger
It is located 60 km from Puerto Maldonado downstream of the Madre de Dios River
and the trip lasts approximately 4 hours. The flora and fauna distributed around this
lake are varied and therefore tempting to the curiosity of visitors. The
Fishing enthusiasts find a suitable field to catch fish such as croaker,
golden, the maiden, among others. Some restaurants in Puerto Maldonado have been
specialized in the preparation of exquisite stews based on these fish.
Lake of Three Chimbadas
It is located on the left bank of the Tambopata River, 55 km from Puerto Maldonado,
distance that is covered in 3 hours, before reaching the lake you have to walk along a stretch
pedestrian for about 30 minutes. The landscape surrounding the lake is rewarding because
It offers an exuberant vegetation populated with birds.
Lake Pastora Grande.
The route to this lake is constituted by the combination of an affirmed road, a
carriage trail and a short stretch of navigation down the Madre de Dios River, downstream
of the mining port of Laberinto. The total distance from Puerto Maldonado to the
Lake referred is 65 Km. which is covered in about 3 hours. In the exuberant
flora of this sector, palm trees, ungurahui, aguaje, cetico and rubber stand out.
Regarding its fauna, it has herons, macaws, paujiles, partridges,
turtles and other wild animals.
Tupac Amaru Lake
It is 25 km from the city of Puerto Maldonado and you can get there by a road
of affirmed land after a journey of approximately one hour. This lake is
The Baltimore Waterfall
It is located 85 km from Puerto Maldonado. To go to that place a boat is approached
motor and sails against the Tambopata River current for 4 hours and 30 minutes.
Apart from enjoying the observation of the landscape along the way, at the end of it,
It is interesting to contemplate how the waters of the river precipitate forming a
impetuous waterfall three meters high and that the rainy season impresses
mostly because of the increase in the flow of that.
The Community of Palma Real
This is located on the right bank of the Madre de Dios River, 40 km.
Puerto Maldonado and 2 hours of motorized sailing, commonly
known as "pequepeque". The attractions of greatest interest in this community are the
typical houses, slightly elevated on wooden posts to avoid humidity
and the access of the vermin, are also attractive crafts consisting of
arrows, bows, necklaces of multicolored seeds and fabrics based on vegetable fibers. The
The inhabitants of this community are mostly known as "huarayos"
Community of Miraflores
It is located 50 km from Puerto Maldonado, of which the first 40 must be
tour them by boat on the Heath River, for about 2 hours. The natives of
this community belong to the same family of the Huarayos with those who present
very similar ethnic characteristics. However, it is possible to notice that the natives
miraflorinos preserve until now the uses and customs of their remote predecessors in
comparison with the huarayos.
Community of Hell
The distance between this community and Puerto Maldonado is 25 km, which is covered in
one hour and 25 minutes sailing in a boat against the current of the river. On the way,
can observe riverine populations such as Isuyana, Tambopata, Chontal and
Cascajal. This group of natives is dedicated to agriculture, extraction of
woods and chestnut harvesting, whose demand is growing every time; the fishing is abundant in the rivers of the area.
CULTURE MOTHER OF GOD
Folklore and Customs
The society of Madre de Dios has its folkloric origins and customs within the societies or native groups according to studies carried out by historians and anthropologists.
The diversity of ethnic groups existing in the immense place of Madre de Dios, supposes a rich and diversified folkloric activity, however the incursion of expeditionaries in zones inhabited by these, they made disappear vestiges of a folkloric culture and very rich manners.
For example, dances and native music have a variety of meanings and applications, but they are of a ritual nature, with manifestations that suppose a clamor, supplication to the solution of a sentimental need, even manifested in the healing of a physical ailment, moral and even spiritual.
The folklore and customs in the department of Madre de Dios, from the point of view of their physical-corporal, moral and spiritual manifestations, is as detailed:
Myths and legends
This characteristic of folklore and customs is a prototype of a primitive conception that has been experienced and is occurring throughout the Selva region, including a large part of the urban population, becoming a habitual belief that in a certain way negatively influences psychosocial behavior
As a typical example, there is the legend of the Chulla Chaquis, Tunches and Sirens, myths that to this day persist as a naive way to continue believing. It is explained that myths and legends have their appearance in some tribes or ethnic groups that knew how to preserve it as a way to defend their territories from the mestizo enemy.
As also this type of folklore was brought from the ancient Loreto and San Martin, where the legends and myths enjoy a rich imagination.
In Madre de Dios, legends and myths are losing their social importance, giving rise to more concrete but also fanciful manifestations, such as: the power of attraction and conviction of the water of the Tambopata River. It is explained that it is water with powers that influence the mood of the people who consume it, assuming that they settle permanently in Puerto Maldonado.
Dances and native music
Native dances have a variety of meanings and interpretations, but most are of a spiritual nature, expressing crying, melancholy, fear, war, defense and humiliation.
However, at present in several ethnic groups of Madre de Dios, the influence of the mestizo culture is clear. The musical melody, musical instruments are no longer typical of native groups. There is a miscegenation of customs, highlighting the following typical dances: Changanacuy, Otorongo, Suri and castañero.
But nevertheless modern cultural development processes are being experienced in native communities, running the risk of losing traditions, customs, legends and so on irresistibly as civilization and cultural development move towards a "Developed World".
How to get?
Puerto Maldonado is accessible from Cusco in buses only during the dry season and winter (from April to November) because now we have the Interoceanic Highway. Even when the distance is short (500 km.), The trip is 16 hours (depending on the weather) since the road is quite accessible.
You can also rent motorcycles and make the trip an unforgettable adventure.
Lima - Arequipa - Cusco - Puerto Maldonado: 2,180 km (51 hours by bus).
Lima - Nasca - Abancay - Cusco - Puerto Maldonado: 1621 km (49 hours by bus).
Cusco - Puerto Maldonado: 532 km (18 hours approx.)
You can travel throughout the year on daily flights. These flights depart from the cities of Lima and Cuzco in the mornings, the airlines are LAN Peru and Star Peru. The recommended flights to reach Puerto Maldonado are the first of the morning, that will allow you to enjoy a tour for more time in the jungle. To start from Puerto Maldonado we recommend the flight as late as possible so you will not have to get up early to be at the airport.
Regular flights from the cities of:
Lima (1 hour and 30 minutes)
Cusco (30 minutes).
ALTITUDE AND LOCATION
Department entirely jungle; It has areas of high jungle and low jungle. It limits to the north with Ucayali and Brazil; to the east with Brazil and Bolivia; to the west with Cusco; to the south with Cusco and Puno. Its capital, Puerto Maldonado, is at the confluence of the Madre de Dios River and the Tambopata River. Its geography is one of the most difficult for road construction, because the Andes rush towards the jungle forming abysses.
Creation: December 26, 1912.
Surface: 85,300.54 km².
South Latitude: 9º 55' 3 ".
West longitude: between meridians 70º 37¨ 59 "and 77º 22'27".
Demographic density: 1.3 inhabitant / km².
Total: 112,814 inhabitants. (2007 Census)
Capital of the Department: Puerto Maldonado.
Height of the capital: 186 meters above sea level.
Number of provinces: 3.
Number of districts: 11.
Rivers: Madre de Dios River, Las Piedras River, Manú River, Tambopata River and Heath River.
Abras: Lord of the Miracles (at 540 masl) in Tambopata; Fitzcarrald (at 469 meters above sea level) in Fitzcarrald.
Lagoons: Valencia and Sandova.
The climate of Madre de Dios is tropical; warm, humid and with precipitations superior to 1000 m.m.anuales.
The average annual temperature in Puerto Maldonado, Capital of the Department, is 38 ºC. In the months of August and September, the climate of Madre de Dios is sometimes influenced by masses of cold air that come from the southeast of the American continent causing sensitive temperature drops that lower the thermometer to 8ºC. And they are known locally with the names of "surazo" or "friaje".
In the area known as:
The Eastern Cordillera-Sub-Andean Belt the climate is varied as for example zones with Perhumid climate and in others with Humid climate, characterized by its high precipitation, which varies between 3,000 and 6,000 mm per year.
The Mother of God Plain, the climate varies between Humid and Subhumid, with rainfall ranging between 1,500 and 3,000 mm per year.
Madre de Dios, is located within the following physiographic landscapes:
Amazon plain or low forest, which includes the provinces of Tambopata, Tahuamanu and part of Manu. It covers 70% of the departmental area and is located at an altitude ranging from 186 to 500 m.s.
High forest or jungle edge, which includes part of the province of Manu and part of Tambopata. It covers 20% of the departmental area and is located at an altitude that varies from 500 to 1,000 m.s.n.m.
Mountainous area, which includes part of the province of Manu. It covers 10% of the departmental area and is located at an altitude that varies from 1,000 to 3,500 m.s.