Tourist attractions in Ica
La ciudad de Ica (pronunciación española: [ika]) es la capital de la región de Ica en el sur de Perú. Si bien la zona estuvo habitada durante mucho tiempo por diversas culturas de pueblos indígenas, el conquistador español Gerónimo Luis de Cabrera afirmó su fundación en 1563. A partir de 2005, tenía una población estimada de más de 219.856. La ciudad sufrió grandes daños y pérdidas de vidas durante el terremoto de Perú en 2007.
Welcome to the department of Ica
The province of Ica is one of the five that make up the department of Ica, under the administration of the regional government of Ica. Located in the central part of the department, it borders on the north with the province of Pisco, on the east with the department of Huancavelica and with the province of Palpa, on the south with the province of Nazca and on the west with the Pacific Ocean.
The city of Ica is located on the south coast of Lima. It is an oasis in the middle of the desert pampas of Peru.
Ica is an area of great historical past, whose first inhabitants go back to 10,000 years old, saw cultures flourish such as Paracas, Wari, Nasca and Ica.
The department of Ica is the only one of the south coast formed by plains, also called coastal plains, since the Cordillera de los Andes rises much inland. In Ica there are extensive deserts, such as the Pampas de Lancha, the Pampas de Villacurí, where the heat is very intense.
Ica is a region known for having a great historical legacy from which important pre-Columbian civilizations emerged. The city of deserts, beaches, oases and valleys, is a territory full of magic.
Surrounded by beautiful valleys in the middle of an oasis in the desert pampas of Peru, Ica is home to magical places such as the Huacachina lagoon, which is characterized by the emerald green color of its waters, bordered by abundant and beautiful vegetation.
The city of the eternal sun is also famous for its wine cellars where the best wine and pisco crops are made. It also has the enigmatic Nasca Lines and the largest marine reserve in Peru, housing more than 200 types of birds and 300 species of fish.
Ica foundation, the city of Ica was founded by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera on June 17, 1563, with the name of Villa de Valverde del Valle de Ica, which was later named San Jerónimo de Ica. Inserts in a fertile valley oasis. Before its foundation, the Spaniards had already taken their land, eternal sun, to plant vine stocks that were brought by the conquerors from the Canary Islands, Spain.
Ica was the first place in New Castilla (Peru Viceroyalty) where wine was produced and also the grape brandy, it was from here it began to export to all the Hispanic colonies of America. The port through which the wine and the grape brandy was exported was Pisco, reason for which the liquor happened to be denominated simply "pisco" from beginnings of the Spanish colony in America.
In 1570 the impressive story of the creation of a hermitage and then a new temple to house the miraculous image of the Christ of Luren, in the place destined for the indigenous reductions called Hurin Ica. By 1630, Villa de Valverde, which had already moved from place due to a major earthquake (May 12, 1568), already had 200 Spanish and Creole neighbors, about 9,000 black slaves and the continued arrival of Europeans who migrated attracted for the fabulous riches that Peru possessed. By then the production of wines and a local grape brandy called pisco was already traditional, whose fame and acceptance was recognized throughout the Americas.
The memory of Ica as a town has undergone great transformations. We are a mixture of races that history molded, we have created our own customs of diversity; We are indomitable people, with blood of adventure, work, passion, dedication and future. We are Ica, a people that does not succumb, that does not let itself be defeated, that fights and raises its voice.
ICA TOURIST ATTRACTIONS
Paracas National Reserve
It is one of the most protected reserves of the coast, is located in Pisco. It was created with the purpose of conserving a portion of the sea and the desert of Peru, with the duty of protecting the diverse species of wild flora and fauna that are established in that place.
Among the animals are pelicans, gray gulls, tendrils, skimmers, arctic plovers, chuitas, guanay, condors, Humboldt penguins and parihuanas or flamingos, among other species. Sea lions and pelicans are also found in the Ballestas Islands and other species such as leatherback and green turtles, lizards, octopuses and squid. Keep reading
The Nazca lines
The lines and figures are found in the Pampas de Jumana, Nasca. They are composed of various figures that range from very simple designs such as lines to complex zoomorphic, phytomorphic and geometric figures that appear traced on the earth's surface.
The most representative are the drawings of animals, birds such as giant hummingbirds, condors, the heron, the crane, the pelican, the seagull, the parrot.
We also find others such as a monkey, a spider, a snail, a lizard, a whale, a dog, an anthropomorphic figure, two llamas, etc. As reptiles, a lizard, which was cut when the Pan American Highway was built, an iguana and a snake. Several drawings are mixed between lines and spirals.
In 1994, UNESCO has inscribed the Nasca and Pampas de Jumana lines and geoglyphs as World Heritage Sites.
Laguna de Huacachina
The lagoon is one of the few natural oases that exist in the country, it is a mixture of dunes, palm trees, guarangos that tune in with the whole place. In the past, icanos came in search of their benefits because they were credited with great healing properties.
Before it was the place of relaxation of the people of an elite of the place, at the moment it continues being a forced point for the travelers and tourists who visit the city of Ica. Especially the dunes that surround the lagoon, are an excellent place for the practice of adventure sports such as sandboarding and motocross.
The Hacienda San José in Chincha
It was a property of the Jesuits, built at the end of the 18th century, it still retains that colonial air. It is located two hours from Lima. It is located in the El Carmen district, the last stronghold of slavery in Peru. They emphasize their portals and the patio where they are yokes, plows, wheels of carts, etc.
One of the main attractions is its underground gallery where they led the slaves blindfolded so they could not escape punishment. At present, Casa Hacienda San José is being remodeled, due to the earthquake. Keep reading "
Ica and Surroundings
Municipal Palace, Its construction began in the Republican era. It maintains artistic arcades and conserves ornamental figures of wood in high relief that symbolize the seasons of the year.
• The Cathedral of Ica, It is located on Bolívar Street, belongs to the 18th century, was part of the monumental set of the Society of Jesus. The church has two styles, on the outside, the neoclassical and inside, the baroque.
• Sanctuary of the Lord of Luren, The style of the place is neoclassical. It is characterized by having three portals with brick arcades. It was the most important church in the city because it hosts the patron saint of the region.
Museums in Ica
Adolfo Bermúdez Jenkins Regional Museum, Exhibits a collection of pieces from the Paracas, Nazca, Huari, Ica and Inca cultures. Also, it shows canvases and furniture from past eras.
• Piedras Museum, Founded by the collector Dr. Javier Cabrera presents a collection of various stones engraved with scenes of human activities
The department of Ica is characterized by its temperate and desert climate, with an enormous concentration of humidity in the littoral zone. There are two very pronounced trends: dry and cloudy from May to November, when the temperature drops to 9 ° C in the city of Ica itself: and hot and suffocating from January to April, both in Ica and Pisco. The highest temperatures in the department can reach 32.3 "C in Ica and 27 ° C in Pisco. The annual average is 20 ° C. ica weather
As in all the average zone of our coast, the precipitations in Ica are scarce and connected to the Andean region.es.es, they only happen in January, February and March. In Pisco and Paracas the sea breezes become strong winds called "paracas", with a speed that can reach 70 km / h, generating dunes and dunes in the deserts.
In the department of Ica there are two types of climate:
The arid subtropical climate of the coast, which is under the influence of the Peruvian Current, which is warm temperate, humid but without regular rains. The temperature increases, however, towards the interior of the coast, while the humidity decreases.
Ica is the largest province in the department of Ica. It is an area of extensions of desert areas and littoral that has been little used. Its main water course, the Ica River, has a length of 220 kilometers and a height in the heights of the department of Huancavelica. It is unusual for this river to flow into the sea due to the use of water for agriculture in the arid Ica lands. Thanks to this is the valley of one of the most important and productive of Peru.
LOCATION AND GEOGRAPHY
The location ica, to address what is the geography of the department of Ica we have to start with a topic because it is very extensive to talk about this and more of beautiful places such as the Peruvian coast, nestled between the beauty of a very rich sea, the Aridity of a spectacular desert and the fertility of its valleys, Ica has managed to define a personality based on its history, its culture, its natural landscapes and the goodness of its traditional products, recognized throughout the world.
With a population of almost 700 000 inhabitants and an extension of 21 305 km2, Ica is one of the departments with the highest proportion of territory below 500 meters of altitude. Its limits are: to the north, with Lima; to the northeast, with Huancavelica; to the east, with Ayacucho, and to the south, with Arequipa.
If the reader observes an aerial image of Ica, he / she will be able to recognize, in a first approximation, a similarity with the departments of the north of Peru. This similarity is expressed in the fact that Ica conforms, together with Tumbes, Piura and Lambayeque, the group of the most coastal departments of Peru. In effect, approximately 88% of its territory is located within what is called the coast. This feature does not prevent, however, having a wide variety of landscapes that make this region of the country a space both cozy and surprising.
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The aridity dominates all this coast sector and is expressed in the total absence of regular rains. Therefore, the landscape is desert, with absence of plant and animal life, except in the oases scattered in the desert, where underground waters emerge, and in the valleys.
The movement of air masses has special characteristics. The paraca is a strong wind that moves during the day from the Pacific Ocean, where a high pressure zone is formed, towards the Grand Tablazo de Ica, converted into a low pressure zone, due to the rapid warming of the air.
The paraca is a slightly strong wind, which surpasses in intensity the sea breeze. It sets a lot of sand in motion, the atmosphere losing its transparency.
During the nights the sense of the movement of the air is inverted. This moves from the Andean region to the coast.
When the air cools, the water vapor it contains condenses, giving rise to the mists, whose presence is accentuated during the winter.
The warm temperate climate of the yunga region, with little atmospheric humidity and also scarce rainfall during the summer months.
The landscape is semi-arid, with abundant vegetation in the fluvial courses, called alto ribereño mountain. On the flanks of the mountains grow cacti, with fleshy and thorny stems, up to 2 500 m altitude. Edit