Tourism in Puka Pukara Archaeological Complex (Archeology)
The Puka Pukará archaeological complex (or Puca-Pucara, Pukapukara or Pucapucara) is located in the district of Cusco (7 kilometers from the city), in the province, department and region of the same name. At an altitude of approximately 3,680 meters above sea level; and it is a construction that belonged to the Incas and that was used as accommodation in the visits of the Inca to Tambomachay. It is currently considered by the National Institute of Culture as Cultural Heritage of the Cusco Region because of its membership in the Archaeological Park of Sacsaywaman.
The name "Puka Pukara" means red fortress. It is known that the construction was a fortress because of the place of its location, which allowed it to be a control site - to strengthen the Inca domain - and "red" by the color of the surrounding terroir, which It has been impregnated in the stones that were used for the construction of the enclosures.
In Puka Pukara different constructions can be found, among these stand out: enclosures, squares, bathrooms, terraces, stairways and different aqueducts. The constructions of this complex are characterized by being made of calcareous stone. It is important to say about these that are worked in such a way that they fit perfectly one on top of the other, without the need for some type of mortar.
It is also important, to give the image of fortification, the constant presence of monumental walls. These include the use of two to support a terrace of greater magnitude. In this terrace the presence of different sources is significant, which warn the quality that the place was supplied with water.