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Pikillaqta is a Quechua word where piki means flea, and llaqta, town; it could be translated as "the people of the fleas", but piki also refers to something very small, tiny, so it could also mean "small town".
Reference background with the Wari Human Settlement
andeneria pikillaqta huacarpay lucre cusco peru
In the pre-Inca period, the Lucre Basin was occupied by the Wari, managing to dominate the area in this way, maintaining supremacy from Chelques-Paruro. In this regard, Ravines (1982) tells us that the Wari, before settling in Pikillaqta, occupied the Chelques sector first. When the Wari Basin was established in the Basin, the expansionist organization limited itself to actions aimed at social, economic, and political development. , administrative, concordant with the development of cultural and local formations. The importance of the Wari lies in the urban and governmental planning achieved in this way the high degree of knowledge in engineering, achieving lebantar architectural works of great importance, designed under defined urban patterns that served as models of construction to later cultures. Lumbreras (1982), points out that the Wari developed majestic engineering works, evidenced by the high technology, organization and urban policy of the state seal, forging a model of "cultural city". Established according to defined architectural patterns, mainly in the use of "urban module".
Pikillaqta was a pre-Inca city whose apogee took place between 800 and 1100 AD., In the period corresponding to the development of the Wari regional confederation. It became one of the most impressive regional centers of that culture settled in Ayacucho that was absorbed by the Incas.
Pikillaqta is today a national archaeological park of great scenic interest, belonging to the province of Quispicanchis. It is a huge architectural complex limited in its east by the left bank of the Vilcanota River and in its western part with the population of Lucre. In it is the historical lagoon of Wakarpay or muyna, with a suggestive landscape considered one of the most beautiful in the world.
This great urban and ceremonial center of almost two kilometers in length, is formed by a citadel, surrounded by embankments and walls of up to seven meters in height. It has about 700 buildings, 200 kanchas or houses and more than 500 qolqas or granaries and buildings of different functionality. It is estimated that it could have had a population of approximately ten thousand people. The city has a geometric reference table, divided into blocks with straight streets.
Pikillaqta is one of the few monuments that has been described and studied extensively by chroniclers of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, as well as by travelers, explorers and researchers.
Among the chroniclers who described this unique pre-Inca monument in the Cusco area is Pedro Cieza de León, who literally manifests:
Ahead of mohína is the old town of Urcos, which is six leagues from Cuzco, on this road is a very large and strong wall and according to the natives say, high on it came a water pipe, taken out with large industry of some people who live in this city have a large door, in which there are porters who charged the rights and taxes that they are obliged to give to the lords and other mayordomos of the same Incas. "They were in this place to apprehend and punish, and what it was, they were daring, it was to take money and gold out of the City of Cuzco, and in this part were the stone cuttings from where they took the stones to make the buildings, which are not little to see.
Pikillaqta es un nombre asignado después de la llegada de los españoles. Su nombre en el incanato se desconoce, pero se presume que se trató de Muyuna (dar vueltas en círculo), Muyna o Mohína. Este lugar hoy se conoce como Wakarpay que forma parte del complejo de Pikillacta que es valle sagrado Perú.
Pikillaqta and its architecture
Beyond its enormous size and exact design, the site of Pikillaqta has many other peculiarities that have stimulated many comments and speculations in recent years. Despite its apparent prehistoric size and importance, there are few obvious indications that someone ever lived there. Apart from the architectural remains, there are almost no artifacts from the surface. Pots of pots, in particular, shine by their almost total absence. Those few sherds that can be found on the surface tend to be concentrated in the lower part of the site, Sector 3. Most of them are either utilitarian nondescript or Inca polychrome pots by tourists or local children who collect them in the nearby Incas of Chokepukio, Olleriayoq and Site B. A few sherds have also been contributed by people who transit the site from time to time in the Inca times. This situation with respect to the sherds is in stark contrast to almost all
of the other sites in the Cuzco Valley and, for that matter, the most ceramic period sites in Peru. Usually, in a site of this type you would expect to find thousands of ceramic fragments.
Parts that make up the Archaeological Center of Pikillaqta
The City of Pikillaqta:
Pikillaqta: it is a sacred valley Cusco shows a great civilization, recognized by the extraordinary planning capacity of its cities. It is about the Wari culture, whose headquarters were in Ayacucho.
Thanks to its large size, Pikillaqta is considered among the tourist places of Cusco the main cities of ancient Cusco Peru. It is surrounded by what were aristocratic villages located across the entire plain and the lagoons of Wakarpay.
cover of the sun pikillaqta quispicanchis cusco
The Peruvian archaeologist García Rossell observes up to two different architectural styles, edged stone walls and walls of perfect ashlars of the purest Inca origin where the Inca valley is considered. Possibly an Inca city was built on an old site, like a Wari capital.
In the city of cusco Qaranqayniyuj It is the largest population after Pikillacta. It is located east of the whole, in a place very close to the Vilcanota River in Cusco Peru.
The buildings, some of which have a semicircular shape, were built in an irregular area, so one part is located in a natural hollow and the other in a plain superior to the previous one.
The extraordinary ruins of Choquepucjio are one of the most important architectural manifestations that form part of the great Archaeological Complex of Pikillacta. They are located on the left bank of the Watanay River.
Like all the constructions of this place, the enormous walls constituted rooms of two or three floors and were made with stones of regular size and mud mixture, but the upper parts were made only of mud.
urpicancha pikillaqta quispicanchis cusco
This place, whose name should have meant something like "fenced place with birds", was a very important area in the incantian tourist places of Cusco, as it presents platforms of extraordinary quality, with magnificent assembly and without amalgam of any kind. It is located on a small plain at the base of the mountain, east of the Wakarpay lagoon in the city of Cusco.
Kunturqaqa is not a population, nor a special group of platforms, it is simply a large rocky promontory that is projected closing the Watanay valley. It is located west of the old town of Pikillacta in the city of Cusco, on the left bank of the Watanay River.
Its name is translated as "Rock of the Condors" and it bears that name because the profile of the rock has the shape of a condor's head. But, what is the true importance of this place?
The historian from Cusco Víctor Angles explains: "The place has historical content, there, in the flank that falls almost vertical, the Inca Wiraqocha ordered to paint two condors, one in a submissive attitude with the folded wings in the process of fleeing from Cusco, the other In a belligerent attitude as if advancing towards Cusco, the first one symbolizes Yahuar Huaca who left Cusco and took refuge in Choquepucjio, the second to Wiracocha who from Chitapampa passed to Mohína and returned to the city of Cusco to defend from the chanca danger and succeeded ".
Platforms of Amarupata
Amarupata means "site of the snakes", probably because these ophidians abounded in the area. It is a huge set of platforms located in the city of Cusco a kilometer southeast of the town of Lucre in the foothills of Cerro Qosqoqhawarina. The magnificent water channels are still in operation.
Very close to the city is the Laguna Lucre or Huacarpay
At an approximate altitude of 3,200 m.s. This water mirror was a refuge for local wildlife species, such as wild ducks, geese and flamingos, thanks to a favorable environment for totora reeds and cultivation terraces on the rock faces of the mountains. Trout and silverside were also caught. Currently the situation has changed. The lagoon is 1 km away. outside the original place, and at a lower level, approximately 150 meters, so there is no water. This lagoon contains great and beautiful stories narrated through generations.
lagoon de huacarpay cusco peru
It is said that once a very beautiful princess named QoriT'ika (Golden Flower), seeing that her city had no water, so her fields only bloomed in the rainy season, she wanted to help her people, so she decided to offer her love to anyone who could get water for the city. Three young princes were introduced willing to win the love of QoriT'ika: Paukar, who was Qolla (from the "Qollao" or Altiplano), built an aqueduct in the mountains but, because of the altitude, the water could not reach the city; Tuyasta, who was a canchino (province of Canchis), built an aqueduct that surrounded the mountain slopes, but could not fulfill its objective either; finally, SunqoRumi, who was Quechua, born at medium altitude, did a great job of hydraulic engineering and complied with the request of the princess, giving
water to the city.
At present, in the city of Cusco we can see two of the three aqueducts built by the Cusquenian, in the middle of the opposite mountain (on the other side of the lagoon and on the eastern side of the town of Lucre). Of the three channels, only the top one reached Pikillacta, traveling approximately 10 kms is one of the tourist places of Cusco. In 1927, 40 turquoise micro-sculptures were exhibited in the Archaeological Museum of Cusco Peru, and a stone sculpture representing a life-size puma.
The Archaeological Park of Pikillaqta is located 32 km from the city of Cusco, in the province of Quispicanchi. It has been declared as such by means of National Directorial Resolution No. 396 of the year 2002.
ACCESS It is accessed through the paved road Cusco, Urcos, Puno, Arequipa.
It has an extension of 4,464.12 Ha. And a perimeter of 28,510 linear meters.
The Directorial Resolution No. 585 of November 11, 1998, regarding the delimitation of the Archaeological Park of Pikillaqta.
National Directorial Resolution No. 395 of May 13, 2002, Declaration of Cultural Heritage of the Nation to the Archaeological Park of Pikillaqta
Pikillaqta City Aerial Photo
Pikillaqta City flat