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Ollantaytambo

Ollantaytambo is a town in the Sacred Valley of the Incas in the Urubamba province of the department of Cusco in Peru and is located next to the Vilcanota River, between snow-capped mountains. It is known for the Archaeological remnant of Ollantaytambo, a huge Inca fortress with large stone terraces on a hill. The main points of interest of this complex are the enormous Temple of the Sun and the source of the Baths of the Ñusta (Princess) The Old Town of the Ollanta is formed by Inca buildings in which an over built their homes the inhabitants of this area is So for this reason they are known by the name of (Ollanta the living Inca people) Ollantaytambo is also a special point because in the Inca era was a traffic control as today is the place where is the train station to Machu Pichhu.

History

Ollantaytambo constituted a strategic military, agricultural and religious center to administer and control the Sacred Valley of the Incas; this is deduced by the constructions that presumably were for agricultural deposits and for military use like walls and watchtowers (probably to protect themselves from the jungle ethnic groups). There are 150 steps that separate the summit from the lower part and you can see the perfect carving of the stones, obviously dedicated to the cult of water, with great similarity to those of Tipón (South Valley of Cusco). This place was the ceremonial center of water purification and worship. The archaeological site comprises a series of overlapping terraces, showing the impressive and large stone blocks finely carved and located on the upper terrace (Temple of the Sun).
The Inca remains in Ollantaytambo are vestiges of the town that Pachacutec ordered to build, after subduing its inhabitants and conquering these lands, imposing agricultural infrastructure works, composed of hundreds of platforms and channels to secure farmland, checkpoints and vigilance in the tops of the hills, domestic and ceremonial buildings. They also built a bridge to connect the town with the Inca Trail, and built urban satellites on the route to Machu Picchu.
The Plaza Manyaraqui with its fountains is believed to have been part of a center to pay homage to water. On Cerro Pinkuylluna or Tunupa, there are huge stone constructions, of 2 or 3 floors, which are presumed to be agricultural deposits (colcas) or lookout points. There is also an enormous stone that resembles the face of an Inca, watching over Ollantaytambo.
The town of Ollantaytambo is called "Living Inca City" because its inhabitants live according to uses and customs inherited from their ancestors. From Ollantaytambo, it is possible to visit the town of Willoc, where Quechua is spoken, and whose red and black garments are similar to Huayruro, a red and black seed used as an amulet. Ollantaytambo is the only Inca city that is still occupied by local families. All the design and structure of the original Inca town is evident in the fifteen blocks that make up the town.

Weather

Elevation: 2,792 m
Time: 8 ° C, wind from 0 to 3 km / h, humidity 84%

Ollantaytambo Faqs
What does the name of Ollantaytambo mean?

Ollantaytambo (Quechua: Ollantay Tampu) is a village and Inca archaeological site, capital of the district of Ollantaytambo (province of Urubamba), located in southern Peru, about 90 km northwest of the city of Cuzco. During the Inca period, Pachacuti conquered the region and built the village and a ceremonial center.

How long is it from Cusco to Ollantaytambo?

The trip takes approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes. The town of Ollantaytambo is a mandatory place if you go to Machu Picchu by train; You will find the station of Ollantaytambo on the banks of the Urubamba River, the highway goes from Cusco and the Navajo Valley of the Incas.

How long is the train journey from Ollantaytambo station to Machu Picchu?

The journey takes approximately 1 hour and 40 minutes. The train ride through the Sacred Valley of the Incas is considered among the best short train routes in the world.

Ollantaytambo Google map

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