Top Attractions in Manu
The Manu National Park is a protected natural area located in southeastern Peru, located partially in the departments of Madre de Dios and Cusco, in the provinces of Manu and Paucartambo. With an area of 1 909 800 hectares or square hectometres, it is divided into three large areas: the National Park, with 1 532 806 ha, the Reserved Zone, with 257 000 ha and the Transition or Cultural Zone, with 120 000 ha.
It extends from 300 meters above sea level, at the confluence of the Manu River with the Madre de Dios River, up to 3800 meters above sea level on the summit of the Apu Kañajhuay Mountain. Some researchers believe that in the virgin areas of this reserve is the Paititi or lost city of the Incas.
The national park was created on May 29, 1973. In 1977, UNESCO recognizes the Park as a Biosphere Reserve and in 1987 declared it a Natural World Heritage Site.
The nucleus or national park of Manu
It is intended for protection and only anthropological and biological research activities are allowed, limited to the observation of life and ecological processes in their natural form; in the park is the Biological Station of Cocha Cashu, one of the most important research centers of tropical forests. The place is intangible and to visit it you have to have a special authorization.
The buffer zone or reserved area of the Manu
It is located in the lower part of the Manu River. In this area, tourist activities (organized by authorized agencies) and research with minimal manipulation are allowed. It is possible to observe a great landscape and natural richness due to the great amount of flora and fauna visible from the rivers and oxbow lakes (meanders of the river that are closed and are isolated from the main channel, forming lagoons that maintain a great wealth of fauna). The visits are controlled. It extends from the bank of the Panagua river to Boca Manu.
The transition zone or cultural zone
It is formed by the banks of the Madre de Dios River and the high Andean territories that border the southern part of the reserve, between the dividing line of the National Park and the Mapacho River. In this area, colonist populations that develop agricultural, livestock and forestry activities and that have basic health, education and development services, although in an incipient manner, predominate.
Around the Manu biosphere reserve there are other areas such as the Territorial Reserve of the State in Favor of the Kugapakori and Nahua Ethnic Groups, the Megantoni Sanctuary and the Amarakaeri Communal Reserve; These territories and those of the Mapacho river basin, in addition to the expansion of the current cultural zone (which would later be called the Andean and Amazonian Multiple Use Zone) are considered within the studies and proposals to integrate them into the Manu biosphere reserve .
Where is the Manu located?
National Park of Manu. The Manu National Park is a protected natural area located in southeastern Peru, located partially in the departments of Madre de Dios and Cusco, in the provinces of Manu and Paucartambo.
What does the name of Manu mean?
In Hindu mythology, Manu is the name of the first human being, the first king who reigned on Earth, and who was saved from the universal flood. He is called Vaivasuata, because his father was Vivasuat (the Sun God Vivasuán or Suria); His mother was Saraniu.
What is the largest national park in Peru?
Largest national park in Peru celebrated 9 years of creation. Puerto Esperanza, Purús. Last November, nine of its most protected natural areas, rich in biological and cultural diversity, reached nine years since its creation.9 Dec. 2013
What is a natural monument?
Natural Monuments (MN) are spaces or natural elements of reduced size, which are subject to special protection due to their unique characteristics, rarity or beauty.
What are the strict nature reserves?
They govern the prohibition of any activity that modifies natural characteristics, such as the extractive use of natural resources, the introduction of exotic flora and fauna, hunting, fishing, human settlements and vehicle access.
What are the national parks?
A national park is a category of protected area that enjoys a specific legal status that requires protecting and conserving the richness of its flora and fauna. It is characterized by being representative of a phytozoogeographic region and having scientific interest.