Colca Canyon Travel Information 2019

COLCA CANYON

Colca Canyon Is Located In Yanque District And Proprovince Caylloma Arequipa Department.
The Colca Valley, located in the north-eastern end of the Arequipa region, a few hours north of the city of Arequipa Peru. Here is the Colca River and the Colca Canyon. In the tour you can see interesting natural landscapes and condors, llamas, alpacas, guanacos, vicuñas and vizcachas.

The origin of this valley is due to a failure of the earth's crust, eroded for thousands of years by the longest river of the Peruvian coast. The Colca River reaches depths of up to 3,400 meters on both slopes and more than 200 kilometers in length.

In the Colca Valley there are 14 villages staggered along the valley, full of life and color. In the Cruz del Cóndor the road passes to the edge of the canyon. Experiences of previous visitors indicate that the panorama that is observed from there is "spectacular", because below runs the Colca River to a depth of 1,200 meters while the wall of the front, reaches to measure 3,100 meters of height in whose summits are seen the perpetual ices and below the condors fly majestically.

In addition, in the area you can visit the towns of Coporaque, with its impressive church and its unique history (ask some villager), Yanque with its thermal pools; besides the Maca and Achoma baths. However, it is also worth visiting the Colca Valley which is rich in history and architecture, since in its villages you can see the most beautiful and oldest churches in Peru, adorned with mural paintings and valuable paintings from the time of the colony.

The River, the Valley, the Canyon

The Colca River begins in the Andes, at the top of Condoroma Crucero. The Valley itself begins where the arable space of its margins becomes wider. The traditional tourist circuits begin the Valley near the town of Chivay, at the foot of the Nevado Mismi, the furthest origin of the Amazon River. It is from this sector where the terraces or terraces of crop forming capricious curves along the banks of the river, dominate the landscape.

After passing through the old town of Maca, the slope of the river increases markedly and the river moves away in depth from the level of the valley where the populations are located. This is where the Colca Canyon itself begins. It reaches its deepest near the famous viewpoint of Cruz del Cóndor.

Video of the Colca Canyon, Cruz del Condor Viewpoint, Sangalle Oasis Paraiso Trekking, Huaruro Waterfall

It is the deepest canyon of the planet according to studies of a Polish in the year 2005, followed by the Cotahuasi canyon, formerly the deepest and the Grand Canyon. After a remarkable descent, characterized by what the canoeists consider some of the best rapids of the western hemisphere, the river takes the name of Majes when entering the Valley of the same name. Finally and after a greater descent towards the Pacific coast, the river takes the name of Camaná and empties into the sea near the city of the same name.

The Colca Canyon is the habitat of animals such as the Andean condor, among other 100 species of birds, four types of camelids: vicuña, guanaco, llama and alpaca. In addition there are more than 300 species of plants, of which 30 are cactus, not to mention the primitive green yareta.

One of the most invaluable spectacles of the visit to the canyon is the sunrise next to the precipice where it is possible to observe, when dawn, the flight of approximately 20 condors.

The Colca Valley is ideal for recreational and artistic activities such as painting, photography, poetry, among others; as it is conducive to perform adventure sports such as trekking, canoeing, climbing, cycling, etc.

The highest point of the Valley is the inactive Ampato volcano (6388 masl), and the lowest is the confluence of the Colca and Andamayo rivers (970 masl).

Location of the Colca Valley

Department: Arequipa

Location: The Colca Canyon is located in the northeastern end of the Arequipa Region, in the province of Caylloma, 165 kilometers from the city of Arequipa and 40 km from Chivay, the main town and capital of the province of Caylloma.

How to get to the Colca: You must hire a Colca tour from the city of Arequipa, or take an urban bus to Chivay (160 km), from the Terrestrial Terminal of Arequipa.

Access roads: The Colca Valley can be reached from the city of Arequipa, to the capital of the Valley, Chivay, crossing 160 km. of asphalted road in 3 hours approximately.

Climate in the Colca Valley: From December to March rainy, the rest of the year sunny during the day and cold at night, average temperature 10ºC.


Yanque District

YANQUE
ROUTE AREQUIPA - CHIVAY - CABANACONDE (COLCA CANYON)
The district of Yanque is located in the province of Caylloma, as part of the tourist corridor of the Colca Valley, from east to west and following the banks of the Colca River, Yanque is on the left bank of the Colca River, at a distance of 7.50 km from the city of Chivay.

Located on the eastern slope of the Andes Mountains of Peru at 3400 meters above sea level with a temperate and suitable climate with rainfall between the months of December and March, a favorable time to admire the natural charms that Yanque shows.

Five million years ago AC reaches man in the Colca Valley during the pre-ceramic period. Groups of hunters and gatherers, the sedentary meeting place and the rational use of available resources, the collection of seeds, fruits, bird eggs and batrachians. , was selective.During this period all permanent coordination such as Umajala, Mollepunku and Patapampa land belonging to Yanque Kollawa after the pre-ceramic era Yanque Kollawa was located on the top of a hill instead called Uyo-Uyo.

The ancient town of Yanque developed with great wisdom the agronomic engineering dominating the diverse cereals and bread products to carry with the construction of impressive andenerías, with a population at that time of 7500 inhabitants.

With the conquest of the Spanish, it served as the residence of royal officials in 1572, where the population dispersed into hills, streams, mountains and small villages, then it was reduced in 24 population centers where the point of reference was the Plaza de Armas, in where the Cabildo was in the front, then the House of the Corregidor, the Church and the Houses of the principal ones, likewise they were divided into two Urinsaya and Anansaya parcialidades directed by Curacas.

In the republican time Caylloma becomes province of Arequipa being called Kollawa's, years later by decree of April 10, 1866 step to llar province of Yanque, legally designated to this District like capital until the day January 13 of 1920 that by law Regional number 6 moved the capital to the town of Chivay.

Today, Yanque has a population of approximately 2,500 inhabitants, with the Anansaya and Urinsaya districts prevailing to date, as well as the annexes of Chalhuanca, Pulpera, Ampi, Rayo and Troca.

Yanque is the only district that has its territory on both shores of the Colca River where places of unique tourist attraction stand out.

CIUDADELA DE UYO - UYO
Architectural complex of great importance for the Yanque district. Built in its entirety of well carved stone is a citadel that shows compartments intended for ceremonial use as well as houses with small roads and aqueducts a magnificent distribution of space in which these settlers were developed under the influence of Collagua Inca.

TOURIST CIRCUITS
Circuit 1: Plaza de Armas - Colonial Church - Casa del Corregidor - Casona Choquehuanca - Museum - Portales de Urinsaya - House of the Princess - Plaza de Armas (1 hour).
Circuit 2: Yanque - Puente Sifón - Hanging Tubes (Colcas) - Anfiteatro - Oqolle - Ruins of Uyo Uyo - C'ayracucho Falls - C'ochapata Pond - Cervantes Bridge - Thermal Water Pool -Chacapi - Yanque (3 hours).
Circuit 3: Yanque Molino Sheqweqani and Maqueta Yuraccasa - Pallaclli Quiparani- Yanque's Avernas (4 hours).

Province caylloma

The Province of Caylloma is one of the eight that make up the Department of Arequipa, under the administration of the regional government, Arequipa, in Peru. Bordered on the north by the Department of Cuzco, on the east by the Department of Puno, on the south by the province of Arequipa and on the west by the province of Castilla.

The capital of the province is the city of Chivay
Etymology of the name "Caylloma"
At present there are no precise data or reports regarding the origin of the word Caylloma, but the most accepted opinion is that it is of Quechua origin derived from the words "Cay Ayllu Huma" which means Cabeza de Ayllu and that is how It was founded at that time.

History
Pre-Inca time
In pre-Inca times it is said that there were 3 genera of people who distinguished themselves by their language and clothing, the Collaguas, the Cabanas and the Tapay (because of their geographical location they were self-sufficient, neutral and the most peaceful, an ethnic group almost isolated, it was the Switzerland of those times).

The Collaguas that occupied the eastern part of the Colca River basin that includes the inhabitants of the Caylloma district, what is now the provinces of Espinar, Chumbivilcas, are said to be bellicose and warlike people, and the inhabitants of the lower parts now the districts of Callalli, Chivay, Yanque, Achoma, Maca, Sibayo, Tuti, Coporaque, Ichupampa, Lari, Madrigal more peaceful, since those of height continuously maintained fight with the towns more workers agriculturists, these were lovers of celebrations and amusements , little greedy and timid.

The cabanas occupied the western area of ​​the basin of the same river, there was an intense commercial exchange through barter with all the eastern peoples, they were privileged because they produced a special type of corn very required as in the present moments, each town had its strength in the type of product they had as a result of the ecological floor in which they were located.

The historian Dr. José de la Riva Agüero says about it: The province of Caylloma was invaded in the pre-Inca period by the side of Velille and the snow of Colaguata, defeating the natives and throwing them out of the territory to then stay in them; they penetrated by the northeast and from there they extended to the zones of lucanas and the chocorbos.

Inca time
In the Inca period, according to historians, it was the Inca Mayta Cápac who came from Cusco, informed that in the region of the Cabanas and Kollaguas settled very well-populated and well-populated villages and workers, arriving first at Coporaque and in that town he fell in love with Mama Yachi and she asked him as a union requirement to build a large palace and a bridge to cross to Chimpa (now Chivay), in honor of this a large copper house was built for them to live, the Incas organized their government in ayllus or parcialidades.

Caylloma was formerly located in a place called "Maucacaylloma", which means "Old Caylloma" very close to Cuchu Chapel about 35 km. from the capital of the current district. There are numerous ruins like sheds, cobblestone streets and perfectly delineated, are the famous gold and silver mines that Caylloma still exploits.

Colonial period
According to the data, at the time of the colonization the conqueror was Francisco Pizarro, in 1547 and 1560 the Franciscan missionaries arrived with Gonzalo Pizarro with the order to Christianize the Collaguas where they built and founded churches.

Due to the importance of the famous mines of the Caylloma district on June 3, 1565, it was made a separate province, but with the name of Collagua. In 1631 it was declared capital of the province of Caylloma by the discovery of the mines.

In the viceroyalty, the main mining settlement of silver, gold and lead was Caylloma, silver was extracted in large quantities with the exploitation and death of the Indians.

In the year 1666 the Spaniards built the bridge over the Apurimac River that is currently used, since the Caylloma - Arequipa highway passes there and is also used by the Caylloma, Arcata, Orcopampa, Chila, etc.

Era of emancipation
At the dawn of emancipation, the people of Caylloma actively participated in mutiny against the Spanish, fighting some battles on the banks of the Hornillas Rive.

Best Season: ALL YEAR
Popular Location: THE COLCA CANYON , COTAHUASI CANYON, MAJES VALLEY, CONDOROMA

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