The Misti Volcano and the Condor in Colca canyon and Cotahuasi canyon
Top Attractions in Arequipa
Arequipa the white city of is capital of the department of Arequipa. Cradle of illustrious men and witness of innumerable heroic actions in pursuit of national freedom, Arequipa is one of the regions with greater prominence in the history of Peru. As they are: Jose Vizcardo Guzman, Mariano Melgar, Nicolas de Pierola, Victor Belaunde, Mario Vargas Llosa Arequipa is a land blessed by its splendid geography and beautiful cities. Whether it is through the amazing valley of the Colca, with its platforms and its colonial churches or its snow-capped mountains, which contain ancient mysteries such as the Mummy Juanita and the birth of the Amazon River; in the Cotahuasi Canyon, the deepest in the world.
And do not forget about the misti volcano with its 5 822 masl. The coast The sea of Grau bathes the 430 kilometers of coastline of Arequipa, the largest in the country and the one that presents the greatest uniformity. Its waters have relatively cool temperatures, a phenomenon produced by the outcrop of deep waters. Although there are almost no bays or peninsulas, cliffs and beaches are frequent, some of them several kilometers long. The narrow coastal strip of the department is limited by the Pacific Ocean and the Andean foothills. Its width depends on how near or far the foothills of the coast are, ranging from 5 km in Punta Lobos (Atico) to 60 km north of Mollendo. Mountain range of the Coast A system of own hills and elevations, denominated Mountain range of the Coast, excels in the South region and also affects the departments of Moquegua and Tacna, with variable altitudes that oscillate between 1 000 and 1 500 meters on the level of the sea. The pampas, flat and arid land of variable width, are located between the cordilleranos and Andean massifs and are very common in the landscape of the department.
Due to its coastal valleys, which run through the territory from north to south, regular or seasonal rivers flow, constituting the drainage system of the region. The valleys of Acarí, Ocoña, Camaná, Majes, Tambo, Yauca, Chala, Atico, Pescadores and Quilca stand out, mainly dedicated to the exploitation of agricultural resources. Andean relief The western branch of the Andes mountain range crosses the region in its middle part. It forms on its slope plateaus with different altitudes, housing narrow valleys and small and deep canyons such as the Colca and the Cotahuasi. It is crowned by large peaks ranging from 3,000 to 6,000 meters above sea level, usually covered with ice and perpetual snow. Most of these elevations are volcanic cones, such as Misti, Chachani, Pichu Picchu, Ampato, Coropuna, Solimana, Misti and Sabancaya (the latter, active since 1985). The western region of the southern Andes is also known as the Volcanic Mountain Range.
Its name comes from Quechua "Ari-que pay", which means "Yes, stay". Arequipa is located at the point where the central Andean area and south-central Andean are divided, so that the valleys south of the Sihuas River are incorporated into this area. The separation became more apparent in the Age of the Wari Empire, which occupied the valleys of the north, up to the Sihuas. The peak season is identified with the Churajón Culture, which has an extensive occupation of the valleys of Arequipa, with very dense settlements and large agricultural projects that are expressed in irrigation works, andenerías and valleys fully dominated. In Arequipa there are important sites such as Kasapatac, Sabandía or Churajón, which indicate a dense population. In the valleys of the north, Chuquibamba culture developed in the same time as Churajón, with extensions in the southern provinces of Ayacucho and with contacts with Cusco. The settlements of this culture, generally identified with the Collaguas, are especially notable in the Colca Valley.
For Arequipa, the Incas descended to the Yunga region in search of new conquests. On the slopes of the Misti Volcano the Spanish conquistadors led by Manuel de Carbajal founded the City of Arequipa. In the Republican era, memorable revolutions took place here, such as those of Ramón Castilla, Mariano Prado, Nicolás de Piérola, Sánchez Cerro, and others for whom they have been called "collective warlords." Arequipa has become the center of the economic complex of southern Peru and is one of the most important milk producing areas in the country.
LOCATION and GEOGRAPHY
It is southwest of Peru, facing the Pacific Ocean with 528 kilometers of coastline. Due to this location, it is the commercial center of the southern area of the country, which includes the departments of Apurímac, Cusco, Madre de Dios, Moquegua, Puno and Tacna; and, it is part of the tourist corridor of southern Peru, which means that it is interconnected with 40% of the country, and perched on a slope or slope in the Andes Mountain Range. It limits to the northeast with Ica and Ayacucho; to the north, with Apurímac and Cusco; on the east, with Moquegua and Puno; in the southwest, with the Pacific Ocean.
South Latitude: 14º 36 '6 ". West longitude: Between meridians 71º 59 '39 "and 75º 5'52". Most important rivers: Tambo, Ocoña, Majes and Chili. Nevados: Ampato (6,310 m), Hualcahualca (6,025 meters), Chachani (6,057 m) and Pichu Picchu (5,500 m). Volcanoes: Coropuna (6,305 and NBSP, MSNM), Solimana (6,117 masl) and Misti (5,821 masl). Abras: Apo Apacheta (5,100 and NBSP; msnm) in Castilla; Chucura (4,720 masl) in Caylloma and Visca (4,650 masl) in La Unión and CONDESUYOS.
Distances from the city of Arequipa: Camaná (Province of Camaná) 173 km / 2 hours and 30 minutes. Caravelí (Province of Caravelí) 382 km / 7 hours. Aplao (Province of Castilla) 178 Km / 3 hours. Chivay (Province of Caylloma) 162 km / 3 hours and 45 minutes. Chuquibamba (Province of Condesuyos) 234 Km. / 5 hours. Mollendo (Province of Islay) 113 km / 2 hours and 15 minutes. Cotahuasi (Province of La Unión) 379 Km. / 12 hours.
The climate of the city of Arequipa is predominantly dry in winter, autumn and spring due to atmospheric humidity, it is also semi-arid because of the effective precipitation and tempered by the thermal condition. The factors that influence climate in Arequipa are:
The Influence of the South Pacific Anticyclone. Topographical configuration. Passage of frontal systems of low atmospheric pressure. Local wind system, valley and mountain breeze. It is described by some as an exceptional climate, a climate lacking the rigors of winter and the overwhelming esthetics of the coast, ensuring the presence of a vital sun, a diaphanous sky48 with 300 days of sunshine a year and a record figure of 4000 hours of exposition to the sun to the year, Arequipa justifies its nickname of "City of the eternal blue sky" ... It presents temperatures that do not rise of 25 ° C and very rarely lower of the 10 ° C; The wet season (from December to March) is reflected by the presence of clouds in the afternoon and a few precipitations. In winter (June, July), a little colder and the temperature drops to an average of 10 ° C, but the dry climate helps to feel the cold with less intensity.
The average relative humidity is 46%, according to the data obtained by the meteorological station located in the Goyeneche Hospital, during the years 2000 and 2001, with an average maximum of 70% in the summer season and a minimum average of 27% during the seasons of autumn, winter and spring. Los vientos en Arequipa están influenciados por un sistema de vientos locales y por el paso de sistemas frontales de baja presión atmosférica, la cual está condicionada por la configuración topográfica que rodea al valle donde se halla la ciudad. La ocurrencia de vientos se presenta principalmente en horas de la noche y primeras horas del día, se presentan Brisas de Montaña que presentan una dirección Nor-Este y en el transcurso del día predominan las Brisas de Valle con una dirección Sur-Oeste. La velocidad del viento a lo largo del día fluctúa entre 1,5 m/s y 2,5 m/s.
PROVINCES and DISTRICTS
Arequipa is a Peruvian province, is one of the eight that make up the Department of Arequipa, under the administration of the regional government of Arequipa. It limits to the north with the province of Caylloma, to the east with the Department of Puno and the Department of Moquegua, to the south with the province of Islay and to the west with the province of Camaná.
HIGH SELVA ALEGRE (Selva Alegre) CAYMA CERRO COLORADO (La Libertad) CHARACTER CHIGUATA JACOBO HUNTER THE JEWEL MARIANO MELGAR MIRAFLORES MOLLEBAYA PAUCARPATA POCSI POLOBAYA (Big Polobaya) QUEQUEÑA SABANDIA SACHACA SAN JUAN DE SIGUAS SAN JUAN DE TARUCANI (Tarucani) SANTA ISABEL DE SIGUAS SANTA RITA DE SIGUAS SOCABAYA TIABAYA UCHUMAYO VITOR 1 / YANAHUARA YARABAMBA YURA JOSE LUIS BUSTAMANTE Y RIVERO (Satellite City)
The Province of Camaná is a Peruvian province of the eight that make up the Arequipa Region. It limits to the north with the provinces of Condesuyos, Castilla and Caylloma, to the east with the province of Arequipa and the province of Islay, to the south with the Pacific Ocean and to the west with the province of Caravelí.
CAMANA JOSE MARIA QUIMPER (The Cardo) MARIANO NICOLAS VALCARCEL (Urasqui) MARISCAL CACERES (San José) NICOLAS DE PIEROLA (San Gregorio) OCOÑA QUILCA SAMUEL PASTOR (La Pampa)
The province of Caravelí is one of the eight that make up the Department of Arequipa, belonging to the Arequipa Region, in Peru. It is bordered to the north by the Ayacucho Region, to the east by the provinces of La Unión, Condesuyos and Camaná, to the south by the Pacific Ocean and to the west with the Ica Region.
CARAVELI ACARI PENTHOUSE ATIQUIPA BELLA UNION CAHUACHO CHALA CHAPARRA (Achanizo) HUANUHUANU (Tocota) JAQUI THE MOST QUICACHA YAUCA
The Peruvian Province of Castilla, is one of the eight that make up the Department of Arequipa, under the administration of the regional government of Arequipa. It limits to the north and the west with the province of Condesuyos, to the east with the province of Caylloma and to the south with the province of Camaná.
The Peruvian Province of Caylloma is one of the eight that make up the Arequipa Department (now called Arequipa Region). It is bordered on the north by the Cusco Region, on the east by the Puno Region, on the south by the province of Arequipa and the province of Islay, and on the west by the province of Castilla.
CHIVAY ACHOMA CABANACONDE CALLALLI CAYLLOMA COPORAQUE HUAMBO HUANCA ICHUPAMPA LARI LLUTA MACA MADRIGAL SAN ANTONIO DE CHUCA 2 / SIBAYO TAPAY TISCO TUTI YANQUE
The province of Condesuyos is one of the eight provinces that make up the Department of Arequipa, belonging to the Arequipa Region, Peru. Bordered on the north by the province of La Union, the Apurímac Region and the Cuzco Region, to the east by the province of Castilla, to the south by the province of Camaná and to the west by the province of Caravelí.
CHUQUIBAMBA ANDARAY CAYARANI CHICHAS IRAY RIO GRANDE (Iquipi) SALAMANCA YANAQUIHUA
The province of Islay is a province of Peru located southeast of the Department of Arequipa. It limits to the north with the province of Arequipa, to the east with the Department of Moquegua, to the south with the Pacific Ocean and to the west with the province of Camaná.
MOLLENDO COCACHACRA DEAN VALDIVIA (The Curve) ISLAY MEJIA PUNTA DE BOMBON
The province of La Unión is one of the eight provinces that make up the Department of Arequipa, belonging to the Arequipa Region, in Peru. From the hierarchical point of view of the Catholic Church is part of the Prelature of Chuquibamba in the Archdiocese of Arequipa.
The department of Arequipa presents a varied relief. It begins in the coastal desert and rises in the Andes reaching great height on the peaks of its snowy mountains and volcanoes. Known as the White City for its beautiful white sillar walls, a stone of origin volcanic, Arequipa rests on the slopes of the imposing Chachani and Misti volcanoes and the snow-capped Pichu Pichu. In the center of the city, you can see temples and colonial mansions of mestizo Baroque style, as well as the Monastery of Santa Catalina, an attractive Spanish city in miniature with narrow streets, beautiful patios and squares. Sabandía, Tiabaya and Tingo, in the countryside, places to visit, and the irresistible gastronomy of Arequipa is the perfect complement to the visit. Join us to discover the main tourist attractions of the city of La Arequipa: Valley of the Colca in the towns of this valley it is possible to appreciate beautiful landscapes and great quantity of monuments and colonial colonial monuments. The Colca area is very suitable for the practice of adventure tourism. Sumbay caves exhibit valuable rock paintings from the Palaeolithic era on their rocky walls.
Naturalist and seminaturalist pictography representing human figures. Andahua Valley of the Volcanoes has a spectacular beauty due to the several dozens of small volcanoes extinguished. Petroglyphs of Toro Muerto Notable set of petroglyphs known by the name of Toro Muerto, among which representations of animals and plants are appreciated. Cotahuasi Valley and its Cotahuasi canyon is an inter-Andean valley with diverse attractions such as the Sipia waterfalls, thermal waters, privileged view of the snow-capped Coropuna and Solimana and the geological faults of the canyon. The cathedral of Arequipa exhibits a neo-Renaissance style with some French influence. The Company In which stand out its admirably sculpted façade, its carved wooden pulpit and the sacristy, which is a true work of art. La Merced Church and convent of the late seventeenth century, Baroque style. It has a viceregal library and very valuable paintings. San Agustín Church with a beautiful baroque façade with an abundance of ornaments sculpted in ashlar. Santo Domingo Church of the seventeenth century, with interesting sculptural work on the side cover. San Francisco Church that has a library with more than 20,000 volumes that, with its complete gallery and chapel of the Third Order, is part of the interesting colonial architecture.
Santa Teresa Monastery and church founded in 1700 and with a valuable collection of paintings. Santa Catalina Monastery is the most important religious monument in Peru. Its narrow squares, streets and gardens with Spanish names are reminiscent of the old neighborhoods of Seville or Granada. The Recoleta Franciscan Convent It has a complete and valuable library.
THE DEAD BULL PETROGLYPHS Dead Bull (Toro Muerto) Rock Carvings Hidden within this arid landscape are some of the greatest examples of cave art in the world. An estimated five thousand pieces of volcanic tuff depict animal, human and geometric…
COLCA CANYON TREK From Arequipa to the Colca Canyon The most popular mode of transport to the Colca Canyon is via an organised group or private tour. Our tours leave Arequipa early in the morning to make sure you make…
City tour Arequipa City tour Arequipa and Santa Catalina Monastery The city tour Arequipa, shows us the beauty of the landscape and architecture of Arequipa; besides the most outstanding viewpoints of the city. Visit the Main esquare, one of the…